The Basics of Computer and Internet Law

The technology revolution has ushered in a host of novel legal problems. The legal system is often ill-equipped to cope with the many ramifications of technological change in society. Since much of the law of the legal system evolved during the Middle Ages, it should not be surprising that many traditional legal concepts do not translate easily into a postindustrial world.

In a technologically oriented society, a number of legal issues have become identified as the field of computer and Internet law. Almost all lawyers have come face-to-face with the computer revolution in one way or another. Technological changes have totally restructured many aspects of the practice of law.

internet law

Lawyers use computers for preparing documents, maintaining files, and developing cases for court. And technology appears increasingly as a factor in many legal cases. For example, in many jurisdictions, court filings may be done online, and tools such as digital animation have been used to graphically illustrate evidence.

What this means is that lawyers must not only understand the technology for themselves, but they must become involved periodically in technological issues on behalf of their clients. Thus, every lawyer deals with computer law are some way at least periodically.

Additionally, some lawyers practice in the field of computer and Internet law extensively or even exclusively. These lawyers often possess qualifications in other arenas such as information science, mathematics, engineering, or some other computer-related field, in addition to training in the law.

internet law

Anyone contemplating a career in computer law should consider gaining educational credentials or practical experience in the computer industry to supplement a legal education.

Although the descriptions here are by no means exhaustive, they present an interesting overview of many of the problems that fit under the umbrella of computer law. Such classifications may seem somewhat arbitrary, but they provide a useful organization for the material in computer and internet law: computers in the courtroom, the computer industry, intellectual property, information resources and criminal law.

There is also some crossover between other parts of computer law and traditional fields of legal practice. The differences are significant enough and volume of work sufficient, however, to include the topic of computer law.

The Essentials of Trade Secrets and the Moral rights of Artists

Trade Secrets

In today’s complex industrial world the process of product design and development is an intensely competitive one. Competing companies may be racing to develop a particular new process or product. Before intellectual property can be patented or otherwise protected, the ongoing research and development efforts generate a work product that enjoys its own protection.

Industrial espionage involving the specific invasion of ongoing research, defection of key employees with secret information, and a variety of other issues provide the basis for considerable litigation over these trade secrets.

Although much of this trade-secret litigation is conducted by law firms that practice in the areas of trademark, copyright, and patent law, it may full to other firms involved in general litigation as well.

Moral Right of Artists

A final category of intellectual property involves what has been called the moral rights of artists. One may create a painting or sculpture or other work of art and may be able to copyright or sell his or her interest in the work to another.

What happens when the successor in interest to a work of art no longer wants it, or wishes to alter it? And what happens if an artist throws away a piece considering it unworthy of his or her signature and it is picked up by someone else and held out as the genuine thing?

An artist at work

Issues such as these go beyond the ordinary scope of copyright law.

In Europe, an artist’s right to the integrity of his or her work has been described as a moral right. The idea of moral rights of artists has been very slow to catch on in the United States. Here, if I should buy the Mona Lisa for display in my living room and decide that she would look better with a moustache, I would be able to paint a moustache on her because I own the painting.

If I owned the Sistine Chapel and decided that it needed a new modern whitewashed look without all those musty murals, I might paint it over. No matter what da Vinci or Michaelangelo might say (where they alive, of course). No matter what enhanced value of artwork might possess. Increasingly, however, courts are beginning to protect the integrity of artwork in this country.

Although artists may not be able to preclude the sale, distribution, or reproduction of their work, they may be able to prevent its alteration or destruction. Look or this area of intellectual properly law to gain increasing prominence in the years ahead.

Personal Injury Law: What Should I Do When I Am Injured at Work?

When you’ve been injured or harmed at work, you might not know where to start the process of asking legal advice from your lawyer and claim filing against your employer. You must know that your company could be legally responsible for the injuries or damages that you have incurred at work. An attorney from a law firm that tackles personal injury can assist you in starting the filing process of an employee’s compensation claim.

Contact An Attorney After An Accident

You should get in touch with an attorney shortly after the injury has happened. Some folks tend to wait for years following the accident to contact an accident attorney. Now if you carry this out, you could miss the time limit for the case filing. The law only allows a limited period for you to file the case after you’ve been injured or harmed. If you postpone too long, then your case could be dismissed automatically by the court due to a violation of the statute of limitations. Since courts are so caught up with such cases, numerous courts do not have problems in merely dismissing a case just to clean up the docket.

Contacting an auto accident attorney will aid you to determine how much cash you’ll be able to obtain for the injuries you incurred. You may desire to be informed of the total sum of reimbursement before choosing to partake in physical therapy or any other remedies that could not be entirely required for your injury’s treatment. A personal injury attorney can look into your case, and decide on a basic sum that your claim could be settled for at some point. Being informed about this amount, you could feel more relaxed in immediately starting physical therapy to rehabilitate yourself.


Collect As Much Evidence As You Can When Injured

When you’re injured or harmed at work, it’s also important to collect as many documents as possible. If you’re able to file a report concerning the accident together with the HR (human resources) department for the company, then you must go ahead and carry this out. You would like to be sure that there’s a record or document of your injury occurring in the workplace. You should also attempt to take pictures of your injuries to make sure that you can receive compensations for the damage you incurred.

Depending on your injury’s severity, you can also call an ambulance. In this way, the injuries you acquired will also have a record. Even though you aren’t certain whether the damage was totally the fault of your employer, you must still think about calling an ambulance, so that a medical report can be filled out by you. If you do choose to file a case against the person or company that employs you in the coming months, then you’ll be able to obtain the medical report, and give it to your attorney. Your attorney would admit such statement into evidence during a trial, and the judge or jury would better comprehend the degree of the injuries you incurred during the time of your accident.

You must never wait to contact a lawyer. The majority of first consultations are of no charge, and you won’t have to disburse anything to a law establishment until after the settlement of your case.

What is Personal Injury Negligence?

This is a legal terminology that talks about any negligence that can cause personal harm. Personal negligence can involve an inconsiderate action that leads to injury to another individual. For instance, if you’re on a roof and knock a piece of brick onto another one’s head, this is an example of personal injury negligence. Moreover, it can include failure to take necessary action, for instance, if the owner of a property fails to get rid of ice from the pavement and somebody slides on it.

When a person’s negligence causes the harm of another, the individual that was responsible may face a personal injury case. For instance, if somebody slips on a shop’s wet floor, they can initiate a case (defendant) that someone is negligent, by demonstrating that the failure leads to the injury. Moreover, the injured individual will need to prove that it was the defendant’s inaction that caused any damage.

To Win a Personal Injury Case by Asserting Negligence

To win a personal injury negligence case with a work injury lawyer, part of what you need to do is prove that the defendant breached his or her duty of care, a legal terminology that defines a standard of behavior that’s expected of a person, company, or organization. It means that if a rational individual could predict that an injury could occur due to certain actions or situations, they he has an obligation to avoid those actions or situations.

An example of this would be if a rational individual could predict that if they toss construction fragments off the rooftop, it could harm somebody walking below, so the individual working with these things should prevent themselves doing so. If they proceed doing so, and somebody gets injured, then that individual has breached the duty of care.


Cause of Negligence

The cause is another factor that’s vital in a personal injury negligence case to work with a trial attorney. The individual who sues needs to prove that their injury was a result of somebody else being negligent. For instance, if a person fell down the stairs because a property owner didn’t maintain the steps, and the injured individual acquired back pain following such fall, then they will have to demonstrate that the accident leads to the pain. They will have to show that it wasn’t caused by another injury or condition that occurred before the workplace accidents.

The individuals who file the case has to demonstrate that he or she suffered damages as a result of the defendant’s action or inaction. Some instances of damages could be loss of work time after the injury, medical expenses, or income loss if the injury incapacitated them.

What is Medical Malpractice Law?

Medical malpractice law administers the legal responsibility of doctors as well as other healthcare providers once they cause injury to a patient by being negligent of the services they render. Every state has its own laws and methods to dealing with these particular personal injury cases. But generally, a physician will be held responsible if his or her behavior fails to fulfill the standard of care rendered by other physicians under related circumstances.

Mistakes Characterized By Medical Malpractice

Mistakes that can be characterized as medical malpractice will normally belong to one of numerous categories. These take in a failure in diagnosing the condition of a patient, prescribing the incorrect pharmaceuticals, misreading X-rays, failing to inform a patient regarding the side effects or risks of a procedure, carrying out services without the informed consent of the patient, and making an error during childbirth or surgery.

When doctors perform carelessly, the outcome can be disastrous for the patient. It’s not shocking, then, that damages in medical malpractice lawsuits are one of the most significant among all personal injury claims. Damages may take in medical expenses, suffering and physical pain, lost wages, emotional distress, punitive damages, decrease in potential earning, compensation for disfigurement, complete or partial impairment, and death.

Expert Witnesses Are Needed in Medical Malpractice Cases


Expert witnesses portray a unique part in medical malpractice cases. A lot of the problems discussed in these cases, like whether a surgical procedure was done correctly, are too intricate for juries and judges to comprehend by themselves. This signifies that other doctors should be requested to investigate the case, make an opinion, and elucidate their findings. And for the patient, the cost of employing a professional drastically increases the expense of bringing the claim.

Numerous elected officials and public policy groups oppose big damages in medical malpractice cases. Denoted as tort reform, which objective is to pass legislation thus making it harder for injured parties to file cases, and to acquire the damage awards when they win. Proponents insist that tort reform would lessen the rate of healthcare, but the information is inconclusive, and the problem remains very controversial.

Why Should You Speak with a Lawyer after an Auto Accident

If you’ve been seriously harmed in a car accident, contact a skilled personal injury attorney  who specialises in motor vehicle accident law for help.

Acquiring injuries from a vehicle accident can be shocking and upsetting at numerous levels. Firstly, victims fight to get physically better. They may have to be admitted to a hospital, go through surgery, or even undergo lengthy rehabilitation to recover fully from their injuries. Aside from the physical difficulties, a vehicle accident can ruin the victim’s lives and affect their families financially and emotionally. Frequently, we notice that vehicle accidents are a result of another driver’s wrongdoing or negligence. For instance, failure to obey traffic rules, drunk driving and distracted driving can lead to accidents.


Reasons You Must Contact an Attorney

If you’ve been in a car accident, you may want to consult a car or truck accident attorney first before doing anything else. It is vital that you know your rights and cooperate with a skilled legal expert who can clarify matters to you. Below are just some of the reasons you must consider hiring an experienced auto accident attorney on your side:

Easy and Free: The first consultation with an auto accident attorney is complete and free. With a visit or brief phone call, the attorney can privately assess your case. There usually are no out-of-pocket charges and the attorney is paid only if he or she wins the case.

Time is limited: Time is limited in taking legal action for a car accident. This time differs from state to state and varies on who the offender is. Taking judicial action is very critical since you could lose the right to claim your compensation if you don’t act fast.


Insurance hardball: Insurance agencies normally don’t want to pay you, and this can make it hard for you to get the payment that you are asking for.

The case: If you choose to file a case regarding your car accident claim, an attorney can be very helpful for you in this complex procedure.

Understanding the damages: There are numerous possible damages that you can pursue after an auto accident. Aside from medical expenses, you could seek compensation for pain and suffering, rehabilitation costs, lost wages, and loss of companionship.

Proving fault: This could be challenging even if you filed a police report stating that the other driver was guilty, and witnesses support your version of the story. It is vital to have an attorney defending you because he who knows the law. He can help you present the case with the most accurate evidence and facts.

Settlement options: Experienced attorneys will look out for your best interest through each stage of the claims process. They can help clarify the repercussions of whether or not you are accepting a payment offer. An attorney can also aid you in assessing whether the settlement is the most rational action to take.

Contacting a Skilled Lawyer

Having an experienced and knowledgeable attorney defending you can help you get the payment you deserve. The choice you make now can affect your financial future and physical recovery.

Why Education is the Best Weapon Against Drunk Driving in Texas

Texas has more deadly, alcohol-related vehicular accidents than any other US state. A method focused on punishment instead of education hasn’t been effective in reducing the numbers.

It’s commonly known that the said state has a problem with drunk drivers. Maybe it’s the old West approach, but seriously though, Texas requires serious changes so as to safeguard its citizens. Leading in the United States with accidents that involve alcohol causing deaths is something that has to change quickly.

Mothers Against Drunk Driving or MADD have been active in Texas for many years now. The organization seems unsatisfied with the regress made in the state. While the state has been a frontrunner in punishment, it obviously lacks the resources in the field of education, and that could be the most significant part of the fight.
There are two things educational movements can do: they put the problem before the public; and they help persuade young drivers (who are mostly at risk) that choices and consequences are there. A few of the more fruitful campaigns take in the “DWI You Can’t Afford It,” “Don’t Drink And Drive,” and “Friends Don’t Let Friends Drive Drunk.”


Campaigns Against Drunk Driving

MADD’s most latest campaigns to fight drunk driving take in “Support Our Heroes,” a campaign concentrating on highlighting police officials imposing DWI laws, “Sober To Start,” which is a movement that requires high-tech additions to vehicles that stop drinking drivers from driving a car, and “Secure The Future,” which is a new approach that identifies and supports technological advances intended to detect a drinking driver early.

Some more new campaigns take in “Drinking Can Kill A Friendship” and “Friends Don’t Let Friends Ride Drunk.” As stated by the Advertising Council, 68% of U.S. citizens stated that they have attempted to stop somebody from driving after consuming alcohol. There’s little uncertainty that the movements are effective in safeguarding the public if funded properly.

Another originality by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is named “Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over,” which is focusing on crackdowns over holidays involving numerous drinking drivers. Labor Day weekend, Fourth of July, and of course New Year’s produce numerous DWI arrests throughout the country. When correctly funded, these campaigns can certainly have an effect on the decision-making by the age group (18 to 25) most vulnerable to drinking after or while driving. When most Americans can state that they’ve tried to stop an intoxicated driver from driving, it’s safe to say that we’ve made great improvement in raising awareness to the public.


Education, not Punishment is the Answer

Texas has introduced numerous programs to fight the DWI issue in the state, and a few such as the “No-Refusal Weekend” are very successful. The no-refusal DWI program deals with resources so that the law enforcement can get a warrant in obtaining blood samples of drivers who refuse the test. Before, it’s been hard for a law enforcement officer to get a warrant appropriate enough to be considered effective.

The no-refusal program has produced numerous recorded arrests and sentences across Texas. On the other hand, such arrests aren’t enough to stop drunk driving related accidents in Texas that could be fatal. The approach: “punishment first, education second” hasn’t produced the results required to make the community safer. Awareness and finance for campaigns like mentioned above are vital to the long-standing goal of decreasing drunk driving mishaps in the state.

There are numerous other alternatives for fighting drunk driving in Texas, and a few include modifications to the law concerning clubs and bars that serve alcoholic drinks for an income. Texas now has what’s known as “Dram Shop Law,” but it’s woefully insufficient to incentivize alcohol suppliers from over-serving customers. Modifying the Dram Shop Law makes it easier to blame clubs and bars for serving customers who are already clearly drunk would reduce unnecessary fatalities in the state.

Whether it’s media campaign, law changes in stopping drunks from driving or technological progresses that help stop drinking drivers, there’s little uncertainty that Texas requires to stress awareness to stop unnecessary deadly accidents involving alcohol.

What is Car Accident Law?

Car accident law talks about the legal procedures that determine who’s liable for the property and personal damage caused by a traffic collision. This field of the law includes the principles of neglect involved in this kind of personal injury case. Just like other instances wherein the law of negligence applies, car accident litigation is controlled almost exclusively by the state law.

Maintaining the Fundamental Four Elements

While nuances occur, vehicle accident victims in each state should ascertain the same fundamental four elements In order to recover reimbursement. These elements include duty, causation, breach, and harm. With regard to duty, vehicle drivers have a legal responsibility to comply with the rules of traffic and the road, as well as to reasonably operate their cars. This means maintaining control, driving safely, observing traffic signs, exercising awareness, utilizing headlights and blinkers, etc.
A duty’s existence is normally accepted without so much argument.


However, the plaintiff will frequently be obligated to provide evidence that the offender breached that certain duty. Breach can be exposed through direct evidence, just like traffic surveillance video, eyewitness testimony, or a confession of fault. Otherwise, the plaintiff may have to make use of circumstantial evidence, like paint smudges, blood alcohol readings, or skid marks.

Burden of Proof

Just because the offender had a responsibility to operate his or her vehicle in a particular manner, and it’s proven that the defendant broke that responsibility, the court won’t assume those situations that caused the injuries of the plaintiff. Instead, the plaintiff should verify the aspect of causation. In vehicle accident claims, the process can be executed by means of medical testimony that demonstrates the injuries are in accordance to the nature of the collision and that they didn’t exist beforehand.

Austin car accident
Austin car accident

Lastly, the plaintiff should prove harm. It does not matter how terrible the other driver’s behavior was during the incident, the plaintiff can’t bring a negligence case unless the behavior resulted to damage to the vehicle or person of the plaintiff. “Near miss” lawsuit won’t qualify. Once harm is proven, the plaintiff could be eligible to payment for pain and grief, lost wages, medical expenses, and many more.